3.0 Behavioural red flags of fraud
The following are some of the behavioural red flags of fraud to look out for:
- Weak code of ethics
- Propensity to work “outside” the system
- Poor work performance
- Excessive drive to achieve
- Overprotectiveness of data and key documents
- Persistent demoralisation
- Being the first one in or the last out
Food fraudsters often appear to be the ‘occupational type’. They tend to conduct their frauds within their business and food supply chain. There are two main basic types of crime/criminal in the food supply chain (Smith and Laing 2013).
Parasitical type crime
Insider type crime
Generally committed by food business operators who themselves become involved in the modification, misrepresentation, adulteration or intentional mislabelling of food and drink products.