3.0 Behavioural red flags of fraud

The following are some of the behavioural red flags of fraud to look out for:

  • Weak code of ethics
  • Propensity to work “outside” the system
  • Poor work performance
  • Excessive drive to achieve
  • Overprotectiveness of data and key documents
  • Persistent demoralisation
  • Being the first one in or the last out

Food fraudsters often appear to be the ‘occupational type’. They tend to conduct their frauds within their business and food supply chain. There are two main basic types of crime/criminal in the food supply chain (Smith and Laing 2013).

Parasitical type crime

Insider type crime

Generally committed as theft by organised crime groups. E.g. groups who target livestock such as sheep rustling (sheep theft), or illegal harvesting of shellfish with the intention of selling the products illegally into the food chain.

Generally committed by food business operators who themselves become involved in the modification, misrepresentation, adulteration or intentional mislabelling of food and drink products.