The following are factors that influence food fraud

  • Competing with businesses that have better economies of scale;
  • Competing with corporate manufacturers, food service companies and food retailers who increasingly operate as oligopolies;
  • Data swamping and complexity in terms of supply chain networks and the boundaries and borders that food passes across;
  • Inadequate governance and lack of sanctions;
  • Lack of trust and visibility;
  • Low probability of discovery;
  • Market competition;
  • Potential for greater profits;
  • Rapid development of technology (internet, printing, mobile phone etc.) providing powerful tools for fraudsters;
  • Rapid growth of warehouse systems and refrigerated transport enabling the long term storage and transfer of large quantities of perishable food;
  • Resource scarcity.