3.3 Vulnerability Assessment and Critical Control Point (VACCP) Checklist

The following is an example of a VACCP checklist that could be used and is available here (SafetyCulture, 2019b).

  1. Possibility of adulteration
Possibility of adulterationYesNo Not Applicable
Ingredients or Raw Materials:Easy to adulterate the ingredients/raw materials?
Easy to obtain the technology or know-how to adulterate the ingredients/raw materials?
Difficult to detect the adulteration the ingredients/raw materials?
Product Readily available technology or knowledge to adulterate the product?
Difficult to detect the adulteration of the product?
CounterfeitingEasy to counterfeit?
Difficult to tell the original and the counterfeit apart?
Production lineIs there manual intervention in the processing line?
Is the supply chain’s exchange / sharing of information limited?
Fraud historyHas fraud occurred in the past for the ingredients/raw materials?
Has fraud occurred in the past for the product?

2. Possibility of adulteration

Fraud incentiveYesNo Not Applicable
Ingredients or Raw Materials:Are ingredients/raw materials readily available?
Is the price reflective of the material being purchased?
Does the price of ingredients/raw materials differ greatly between sources?
CompanyCompany is currently unstable/unprofitable?
Company culture does not actively promote integrity and ethical practices?
Company previously/currently involved in a criminal case?
Company is located in a region with a known high level of corruption?
Supplier(s)Supplier is currently unstable/unprofitable?
Supplier culture does not actively promote integrity and ethical practices?
Supplier previously/currently involved in a criminal case?
Supplier is located in a region with a known high level of corruption?
Business and customerBusiness sector currently unstable/unprofitable?
Customer has a record of criminal offence?
Business sector has a reputation of not actively promoting integrity and ethical practices?
Business sector has a history of criminal case/s?
Tight competition between businesses?

3. Control measures

Fraud incentiveYesNo Not Applicable
System of food fraud control measures already established for ingredients/raw materials?
System of food fraud control measures already established for products?
Reliable system of documentation in place for the company?
Reliable employee screening in place for the company?
Company culture promotes ethical practices?
System in place for reporting fraud within the company?
Required suppliers have their own system in place for food fraud prevention?
Fraud prevention laws enforced by the government?